Button Quails aka Chinese Painted Quails are an oft overlooked aviary bird. They are classified as
which simply stated, they're ground eating birds (like chickens, turkeys, peacocks and pheasants). Button quails can fly but most of their time is on the ground and they even enjoy taking dust baths. They use the sand for grit as well which helps with digestion.
The State bird of California is a California Quail, the button Quail is about half the size and does not have had plume. Button Quails come in white, silver, reddish brown and even speckled colors.
Females usually have bright white faces and the males have more distinct markings. In the wild they can be found anywhere from India to northern Australia and about 15 species can be found in Africa.
Quails are quiet birds but the males can get a bit vocal. "Crowing" is a long high pitched sound
they make as they mature. Male Quails are known to crow all night if they see any light. Something you may want to think about if you want to get a Button Quail and keep them indoors.They are also prone to night frights when even minimally disturbed. They are nervous birds even in daylight so you want to move about them slowly.
Because they don't perch, they need their own food and water on the floor of the cage where they can reach the dishes. They are quite happy to eat the pellets and seeds that fall on the floor from the other birds in the aviary. They're generally fed game bird crumbles but Canary seed & pellets along with mealworms and their own cuttle bone would be a fine diet. You can feed them about anything from hard-boiled eggs to mixed vegetables. Because they are omnivores they really like live insects and if you keep your birds outside they will help in keeping the insect population down.
The floor of the cage should be solid unlike a parrot cage where the floor grate is wire. Because males always want to breed they can be very aggressive and can chase females, pecking them mercilessly. It's best to have some potted plants or greenery in the cage for the females to hide behind ( artificial is okay). They do not use perches.
It's best to give them about 3 feet of height in their bird cage because when startled they fly straight up but they poop out rather quickly and flutter back down. By giving them enough "headroom" you can avoid injuries like hurting themselves on the roof of the cage.
Females will lay eggs whether or not they're with a male. They'll generally lay an egg every day for several days then take a few days off. This egg laying cycle continues year-round and as long as she's getting enough nutrition she should be fine. We do offer a supplement from Nekton specifically for Galliformes which can be found here
. If you're thinking of breeding you're best off using an incubator because most of these birds have lost their nesting instincts. Because are so many of these birds are in captivity it's really better to not allow the eggs develop unless you have an outlet for the babies.
You may consider actually eating their eggs. They taste just like chicken eggs (or so I'm told) but have a higher percentage of yolk. If you plan on doing this make sure that you pull the eggs within a day of laying and then rinse (cool water) pat dry and you'll be good to go for up to three weeks.
Because they're small it takes about 10 Button Quayle eggs to equal one large chicken egg in volume. You can scrambled them or make a poundcake with them. If you really want to impress your friends you can hard-boiled them and offer them up as and hors d'oeuvre at your next party. Because the shells are not all that easy remove it's best to boil them for about 5 min. in salted water. The Martha Stewart in me recommends you put the peeled eggs together with some black olives for little contrast then expect everyone to say "ewww" after they've met the mom who layed them.