What kind of parrot should I get and how DO birds talk?

Budgerigar parrot walking on the flat. Budgie
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What kind of parrot should I get based on this schedule?

I wake at about 5:30AM and get ready for school. At 7:25AM i head off for school. After at about 2:00PM I get back home for lunch and do what I want for 2 and a half hours. I then do homework for 2 hours and then dinner and 1 hour of anything.

Our answer

You are a candidate for a budgie,  The most misaligned and underrated pet bird.  Budgies can be excellent talkers and great companions.

Rather than starting with the Romantic notion of a large parrot you can get great experience from a bird that is actually one of the better talkers of the avian world.

Budgies require the same care and discipline of a larger bird but are far more forgiving behaviorally.  A relationship with a single budgie can be quite rewarding but given the fact you are a student at a young age, much can change in life.

The  beauty is that should face time with your bird you  erodes,  you can add a same-sex ( you don’t want eggs)  to the caged environment keeping he or she quite happy without your intervention.

Disco the parakeet  can produce more than one hundred phrases illustrating the potential for rewards with a small bird such as a budgie.

After providing care for a small bird you will know after one or two years if you want  to move forward with a larger bird such as a true parrot. Parrots  like Senegals  are about the size of a cockatiel but are actually parrots in every sense of the word.

Thus starting with a budgie it’s a win-win situation for both bird and human. You can abandon the human bird relationship and replace it with a bird bird relationship or move forward by adding a larger parrot to your repertoire

How do birds make sounds?

bird syrinx
Schematic drawing of an avian syrinx
1: last free cartilaginous tracheal ring, 2: tympanum, 3: first group of syringeal rings, 4: pessulus, 5: membrana tympaniformis lateralis, 6: membrana tympaniformis medialis, 7: second group of syringeal rings, 8: main bronchus, 9: bronchial cartilage

Mammals talk using their larynx, tongue and mouth/lips to pronounce words and sounds.  Birds on the other hand use something called a syrinx  interestingly enough the word  is  Greek σύριγξ for pan pipes

You can find the syrinx in the lower portion of a  bird trachea making birds not reliant on vocal cords as humans are.

The sound we hear comes from vibration the walls of the syrinx and something called the pessulus which is a delicate bar of cartilage connecting the dorsal and ventral extremities of the first pair of bronchial cartilages in the syrinx of birds.

When air flow through this system birds are able to make sound Using a self operating system that’s a bird modulates  the airflow which makes the actual sound.

When a bird is mimicking sound it is Modulating muscles By changing the shape and tension of the membranes in the bronchial openings.

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